The term cognitive-behavioural includes different techniques and tendencies, scientifically validated by clinical psychology experts.
Cognitive techniques are related to the thoughts we have, how we assess situations and the feelings that derive from these internal processes. Cognitive techniques give us procedures to work when we want to change a thought, to manage feelings in a balanced way or to regulate our reaction when facing a situation, among many other things.
Behavioural techniques are associated with conduct – how we act and what we do. These techniques help to modify our actions and relate behaviour to (or separate it from) external stimuli.
These techniques have been widely studied in the field of psychology and have gained extensive support in their efficacy.
EMDR – these are the initials of ‘Eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing’. This psychotherapeutic technique deals with those emotional difficulties that result from difficult life experiences such as phobias, panic attacks, traumatic deaths and accidents etc. Bilateral stimulation used in this technique could include:
- Visual (the patient moves his or her eyes from one side to the other, guided by the therapist),
- Auditory (the patient listens to alternate sounds in both ears) and
- Kinaesthetic (the therapist taps softly and alternatively on the hands or shoulders of the patient).
Counselling guides the process of decision making, keeping in mind the emotions the person feels while helping to manage them in a balanced and adaptive way.
This type of advice allows us to support the person in his or her own resolution of the situation, simply by teaching him or her some straightforward techniques in maintaining perspective.